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The Gallery Aydin collection includes antique rugs, kilims and textile artifacts of different origins, and from different centuries. These historic textiles, comparable in quality to museum items, are of remarkable rarity and uniqueness, and they can be regarded as invaluable cultural heritage assets by textile art lovers, scholars, and collectors.

Keyhole-Design Bergama Rug

Circa 1750s West Anatolian Bergama rug Keyhole-design rug with Ghirlandaio medallion and Bellini-type arches. See similar example: Parsons Todd Bergama Rug. There are some stains in the central medallion, which can be taken out. Mounted on linen. Ex Alexander Collection.Size 147 x 200m (4'10" x 6'7")

Caucasian Kuba Rug

Caucasian Kuba Rug Circa 1850s The white field contains three Lesghi stars, alternately in shades of blue and red, which are surrounded by a multitude of small hooked diamonds, stars, crosses and blossoms. The white-ground main border is bit rare. It has very fine weave and beautiful colors.Perfect original condition.Size 106 x 126m (3'6" x 4'2")

Mid 19th century South West Caucasian Kazak Rug

This authentic Kazak presents a field design of three rectangular compartments, each containing a large stepped polygon with a central cross and a striking hooked outline framed by an octagon. A reciprocal trefoil border separates the field from the wide border section. The bracket motifs of the main border are also encountered in Karachovs, otherwise the design offers no clues for attribution to one of the established Kazak groups. With a pile height of some 2 centimetres, this antique and evidently little used Kazak appears like a colourful pelt. It is extremely heavy. Due to the very firmly depressed wefts, the ground weave is almost impenetrably dense and the reverse as smooth as old leather. – Very good condition, with the original end and side finishes.Size 170 x 225 cm 

SOLD

19th Century Anatolian Kirsehir Rug

Second half of 19th Century Anatolian Kirsehir Rug Condition: good, brown corroded, few small repairs Warp: wool, weft: wool, pile: wool Size 96 x 167 cm  5 ft. 6 in. x 3 ft. 3 in

Provenance: German private collection 96 x 167 Cm

19th Century Caucasian Soumak

19th Century Caucasian Soumak

Soumak 
263 x 215 cm (8’ 8” x 7’ 1”) 
Caucasus 19th century 

Anatolian Cal Yatak

Middle of 19th Century Anatolian Cal Yatak

The thick pile sleeping rugs called Yataks have been attributed to Konya as a matter of course, however, the weave and colours of this superlative example seem more related to the rugs made in the Menderes valley region of south-western Anatolia. While the Memling guls may be reminiscent of Konya and in particular its yellow ground rugs, the closest relations of this rug are the Dazkiri rugs which share the same deep green, red, yellow and orange as well as the lustrous pile. There is variety in the size and shape of the Memling guls, and the contrast of the white ground highlights the chromatic clarity of the whole field. The depth of the pile is obvious and is a reminder that the weaving legacy of much of Anatolia is attached to requirements of form and function associated with the semi-nomadic lifestyle of many villages in the region until the 20th century. While the pattern may be associated with the 15th century German painter, the artistic expression here is associated with village women of the 19th century.Size 185 x 195 cm

Literature:
BRÜGGEMANN, WERNER & BÖHMER, HARALD, Teppiche der Bauern und Nomaden in Anatolien. Hanover 1980, no. 59 *** BENARDOUT, RAYMOND, Antique Rugs. London 1983, no. 44 *** EILAND, MURRAY (ed.), Oriental Rugs from Pacific Collections. San Francisco 1990, no. 23 *** HERRMANN, EBERHART, Asiatische Teppich- und Textilkunst 4. Munich 1992, no. 30

Published:
MAUCH, PETER (ed.), Aus den Gärten des Orients. Teppiche - Bilder einer Ausstellung. Herford 1995, no. 8

First Half 17th West Anatolian Century Transylvanian niche rug Oushak region

For an overview of these Ottoman Turkish ‘Transylvanian’ rugs and why they are known thus, please see below. This particular example of the genre is rare on two counts: both for its colouring, and for its border. A very similar example to the offered lot is in the Black Church, Brașov, inv. 180, illustrated Ionescu. S. (ed), Antique Ottoman Rugs in Transylvania, Rome, 2005, p.148, cat.166 and Schmutzler, Emil: Altorientalische Teppiche in Siebenbürgen, Leipzig, 1933, pl.38. What is most unusual in both examples is the 'Gothic' border, reminiscent of cathedral vaults, which is very rare among the 'Transylvanian' group; there are only five recorded examples with such a border, including the present lot - the rendition of the design on a pistachio green ground is extremely unusual. In addition this example shares the 'flowering-stems' within the spandrels with the Brașov rug, although with the interesting addition of the lone red flowerhead. They also share the 'head-and-shoulder' mihrab with plain field. The offered lot differs with inclusion of the three sprigs of leaves in the camel field, the central motif probably derived from the Mosque lamp design in other classical works. The combination of pistachio green, golden maize yellow and creamy ivory, with only small touches of pale blue and red seen in this rug is in profound contrast to the rugs of typical ‘Transylvanian’ production where the balance of colours is entirely reversed. Gallery Aydın is grateful to Stefano Ionescu for his assistance with cataloguing information for this lot.

ABOUT 'Transylvanian' Rugs
This group of rugs, from the weaving centre of Oushak in Western Turkey, are widely known by their apparent misnomer ‘Transylvanian’, originally prompted by the number of these weavings which still remain in Lutheran and Saxon Evangelical churches in the Transylvanian region of modern-day Romania; the largest collection is in situ in the Black Church in Brașov. These holdings represent the pious donations of parishioners, communities and guilds to their churches. and their continuing presence testifies to the regard in which they were held.

From the mid-16th, to late 17th century, Transylvania was an autonomous principality of the Ottoman Empire and the rugs themselves had enormous significance both within local government and as symbols of wealth and stature. Following trade privileges being granted by Mehmet II (1432 – 1481), in 1453, Turkish rugs were used as valuable commodities by the merchants trading with the Ottoman Empire and were exchanged in Transylvania for expensive spices and coffee.

Within the group there are four main design types: 'double-niche', 'single-niche', and 'Transylvanian' prayer rugs and column rugs. The rug offered here is of the ‘single niche’ type. The ‘single niche’ rugs are normally considered earlier than the ‘double niche’ type since it is speculated the development of the ‘double-niche’ design was created following the edict by Sultan Ahmed I (1590 – 1617) prohibiting the representation of the mihrab, or niche, for items which were intended for non-Muslim countries, see Boralevi. A & Ionescu. S, Antique Ottoman Rugs in Transylvania, Rome, 2005, p. 60. See also 'A lesson in Looking', Frances. M., Hali, Reviews, Exhibitions, Issue 175, Spring 2013, p. 118 & 119 for discussion on the design development. What is abundantly clear is that the rugs were powerful trade commodities coveted by the Western world and highly prized by their owners. The dating of these rugs is supported by the number of ‘Transylvanian’ rugs reproduced in paintings, recorded in 17th century inventories, and inscribed with donor information, as seen on several of the rugs still in the holdings of the Transylvanian churches.

The ‘Transalvanian’ group is one that has always fascinated; they are highly sought after in the collecting community and examples are now in the permanent collections of highly prestigious museums. These include for example the Brukenthal National Museum, Sibiu, the Museum of Applied Arts, Budapest, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, The Philadelphia Museum of Art and the Victoria & Albert Museum, London. For further information on this subject, the seminal work written by Alberto Boralevi and Stefano Ionescu, Antique Ottoman Rugs in Transylvania, Rome, 2005 provides a in-depth review of these rugs and their historical and social contexts.

CONDİTİON REPORT

Pile generally fair, with knot bars generally visible in field and pile slightly deeper in border. There are some small areas of repiling in the field (e.g. centre bottom near guard stripe, to left under hyacinth spray, top right near stepped edge of niche, in apex of niche - see additional images). The outermost red and blue zig-zag edging is mainly rebuilt on top and sides and partially rebuilt along bottom edge with one section on right hand side 9approximately level with top of niche) with repaired section approx 8 cm long in the trellis border. The rug looks as if it could benefit from a clean and that might lighten the darker areas of pile in lower left hand corner of field. Rug woven 'in reverse' - pile runs up niche as typical for the group, really unusual range of colours, green is a very pretty pistachio green and reds are quite sof t'rosy' reds. For additional images, please contact Size 140 x 186 cm 

 

PROVENANCE

Davide Halevim: Magnificent Carpets and Tapestries, Christie's London, February 14, 2001, lot 114

South West Uzbekistan Shakhrisyabz Suzani

Circa 1800s Central Asia, South West Uzbekistan Shakhrisyabz Suzani

Short green stems which divide and curve in different directions bear green leaves and a wealth of diverse flowers in shades of red, pink, blue and gold. The intricate field design is full of movement. Large colourful butterflies have been included in many places. These are a particularly rare feature which we have not encountered in any other suzani. The main border, decorated with an elongated vine of green leaves and red side-view blossoms as well as short stems attached to red and blue blossoms, is drawn in the characteristic Shakhrisyabz style. An extremely unusual suzani, very finely embroidered in the kanda khayol technique and with outlines in the ilmoq stitch. – Very good condition, the reverse is backed with a Russian cotton.Size 165 x 217 cm

West Anatolia, Manisa Province Ghordes Rug

 West Anatolia, Manisa Province Ghordes Rug

Circa 1850s In this large Ghiordes woven in a niche design, the green mihrab field framed by an inner surround of flowers is empty below the steep stepped arch except for a bouquet of flowers. In contrast, the floral design of the light blue section above it is extremely dense. Two panels placed at the lower and upper ends of the field are filled with red cloudbands. The main border of seven white and dusky pink vertical stripes decorated with tiny flowers is a characteristic feature of these workshop weavings. Much in demand during the 19th century, they were produced in large numbers and exported to every region of the Ottoman Empire. They had a decorative function as wall ornaments and were not used as prayer rugs. – Good condition.Size 155 x 214 cm 

Literature:
HERRMANN, EBERHART, Seltene Orientteppiche VII. Munich 1985, no. 12

South Persia Kerman Termeh Fragment

Early 19th century South Persia Kerman Termeh Fragment

During the 18th/19th centuries, the city of Kerman was the most important Iranian centre for the production of such woollen fabrics with woven designs, known as "termeh". They were probably modelled on older Kashmir shawls from North India. Indian and Persian fabrics are so alike that it is often difficult to establish their provenance. – This extremely fine textile woven on polychrome warps shows a typical design of wide, white and saffron vertical stripes filled with filigree flowering vines. They are separated by narrow dividing stripes in dark blue and red. – Cut horizontally across the centre and rejoined, minor holes, new overcasting along the sides.Size 123 x 125 cm

Literature:
KARTASCHOFF, MARIE-LOUISE & LANGER, AXEL, Pfauen, Blüten & Zypressen. Persische Textilien der Qajaren-Zeit. Zurich 2005, no. 9 *** RIPPON BOSWELL, A 95, Poppmeier Collection II, 23/03/2019, lot 64

 

South West Anatolia, Denizli Province Çal Yastik

Second half 19th century South West Anatolia, Denizli Province Çal Yastik

In the brown-red field, a central diamond outlined in hooks and with short poles attached to its four points is surrounded by six large rosettes. Similar rosettes are found in Caucasian Talish rugs. Hooked triangles accentuate the corners, and the narrow green elems show a design of octagonal leaves. – Slight signs of age and wear, damaged edges.Size 63 x 103 cm

Literature:
MOREHOUSE, BRIAN, Yastiks. Cushion Covers and Storage Bags of Anatolia. Philadelphia 1996, no. 14

Central Asia, South West Uzbekistan Shakhrisyabz Suzani

Second half 19th century Central Asia, South West Uzbekistan Shakhrisyabz Suzani

Suzanis featuring a niche design and an empty field flanked by lateral borders are known as "ruijo". The small-format examples were bridal sheets spread on the bed during the wedding night, whereas the large ruijo suzanis were hung behind the bridal couple’s bed. The empty white field of this item was cut out at a later date, perhaps in order to use the suzani as a decorative door surround. – The thirteen huge circular blossoms and green leaf vines are drawn in the characteristic Shakhrisyabz style. The large design sections mostly use the basma stitch; small areas are embroidered in the kanda khayol stitch; and the brown outlines of the leaves were created in the ilmoq stitch. – Slightly damaged edges, very good overall condition.Size 214 x 316 cm

North East Persia, Baluch Prayer Rug

Middle of 19th Century North East Persia, Baluch Prayer Rug

In this Baluch prayer rug of the head and shoulders type, the border is recessed at right angles in the upper section of the field, surrounding the box-shaped arch. The camel field shows a tree of life with a sturdy trunk which is decorated with arrowheads and flanked by star-shaped blossoms; large lyre-shaped designs adorn the sides. The tree theme is repeated in the two panels next to the arch. – Slight signs of age and wear, several repiled areas.Size 94 x 165 cm

Literature:
CRAYCRAFT, MICHAEL, Belouch Prayer Rugs. From the exhibition at ADRASKAND GALLERY. Point Reyes Station 1982, no. 29

East Caucasus, Azerbaijan Baku Long Rug

Second half 19th century East Caucasus, Azerbaijan Baku Long Rug

In the midnight blue field, seven Lesghi stars are embedded in a dense basic design of Talish rosettes, octagons, stepped polygons and many smaller motifs. The knotting structure, palette and the typical carnation vine secondary borders identify this long rug as a Baku weaving. – Slight signs of wear, very good overall condition, original finishes all around.Size 118 x 357 cm

South West Persia, Fars Khamseh carpet

Second half 19th century South West Persia, Fars Khamseh Rug

This very beautiful Khamseh woven by a Baharlu/Ainalu tribal group features a dense repeat of pomegranates in brilliant and diverse colours against a midnight blue field ground. Finely serrated leaves growing diagonally from the fruit form a mesh-like lattice. Halved diamonds with stepped outlines protrude into the field from the sides. The design of the yellow main border – star-filled octagons alternating with four small botehs – is also frequently encountered in Afshar rugs and flatweaves. – Good condition, new overcasting along the sides.Size 145 x 237 cm

Literature:
HERRMANN, EBERHART, Seltene Orientteppiche VIII. Munich 1986, no. 82

 

Central Anatolia, Nevsehir Province Ürgüp Long Rug

Mid 19th century Central Anatolia, Nevsehir Province Ürgüp Long Rug

Three large, nested hooked diamonds aligned on the central axis of the red field are flanked by halved and similarly nested hooked diamonds of a different type. Quartered diamonds in the corners complete the field design, meaning that it is not conceived as an infinite repeat. The wide orange-ground border contains large elibelinde motifs. The rug was woven in the small town of Ürgüp. Another example of the group has been published by Brüggemann/Böhmer. – Well preserved except for minor repiled areas, original finishes all around.Size 131 x 370 cm

Literature:
BRÜGGEMANN, WERNER & BÖHMER, HARALD, Teppiche der Bauern und Nomaden in Anatolien. Hanover 1980, no. 5

 

East Caucasus, Kuba region Perepedil Rug

Late 19th Century East Caucasus, Kuba region Perepedil Rug

The distinguishing feature of Perepedil carpets is their unmistakeable, precisely drawn repeat of vurma motifs, star-shaped blossoms, four-legged animals and a wealth of smaller designs, which required a very fine weave for a proper representation. Due to the high proportion of white used here, it stands out strikingly and in razor-sharp detail from the blue-black ground of the field. Four borders presenting minutely drawn designs typical of the provenance provide the surround. – Good condition, original finishes all around.Size 120 x 190 cm

Literature:
RIPPON BOSWELL, A 97, Zaleski Collection, 30/11/2019, lot 149

Central Asia, South West Uzbekistan Nurata Suzani

Middle of 19th Century Central Asia, South West Uzbekistan Nurata Suzani

This classic suzani from the town of Nurata north east of Bokhara displays four large, diagonal flowering trees in the corners of the field and a floral star at the field centre. Six flowering shrubs are grouped around it. To the left and right of the central medallion we see a feline predator with a polychrome striped body and a tail held high. They are probably depictions of lions. While many suzani designs incorporate small birds or snakes, larger animals such as lions, tigers or elephants are fairly rare. In the wide main border, slender green leaves form a diamond lattice whose compartments are filled with different leaves and palmettes. - Slight signs of age and wear, backed with calico.Size 155 x 236 cm

Literature:
GRUBE, ERNST J., Keshte. Central Asian Embroideries. The Marshall and Marilyn R. Wolf Collection. New York 2003, no. 11

Central Asia, Central Tibet Tibetan Seat Cover

Second half 19th century Central Asia, Central Tibet Tibetan Seat Cover

Very coarsely woven in simple geometric designs, such rugs were known as "wangden drumze" in Tibet and produced in the province of Tsang in Central Tibet. They were used as seat covers by monks. Small square items like this example were placed on chairs while the longer runners covered benches. Their most striking feature is the voluminous fur-like surround of long wool threads, blue in this case and often red in other examples. Limited to only a few elements, the design seems full of energy and was supposed to provide inspiration and inner strength to the monks during meditation. – Good condition.Size 78 x 91 cm

Literature:
BUDDEBERG, MICHAEL / RICHTSFELD, BRUNO J. (eds.), Aus dem Land des Schneelöwen. Kostbarkeiten aus Tibet 15.-20. Jahrhundert. Munich 2016, ill. 8

Central Anatolia Konya Prayer Rug

Middle of 19th century Central Anatolia Konya Prayer Rug

A slim tree of life decorated with abstract birds stands at the centre of the open, blazing red mihrab field, its tip aligned towards the apex of the steep stepped prayer arch. It is flanked by stars on both sides. The two red water jugs seen in the green section above the arch are a traditional symbol of purification often encountered in prayer rugs. Highly abstract palmettes and sickle leaves adorn the ochre border which is framed by secondary borders of colourful triangles. – A number of repiled sections, restored selvedges, now in good condition.Size 121 x 155 cm

Literature:
DODDS, DENNIS & EILAND, MURRAY L., JR. (ed.), Oriental Rugs From Atlantic Collections. Philadelphia 1996, no. 44

East Caucasus Kuba Sumakh

Mid 19th century East Caucasus Kuba Sumakh

This rare small-format sumakh displays four complete medallions and one that is truncated by the upper border against a light red field ground. In formal terms, the large octagons decorated with outer hooks are reminiscent of the medallions in the much older, large-format Holbein carpets. Their interior drawing is an animal-tree motif projected onto the two-dimensional plane, a related form of which is encountered in Chajli rugs. A double bird’s head vine drawn on a black-brown ground frames the field. – Good condition.Size 110 x 200 cm

Literature:
BORALEVI, ALBERTO, Sumakh. Flat-Woven Carpets of the Caucasus. Florence 1986, no. 13 *** HERRMANN, EBERHART, Kaukasische Teppichkunst im 19. Jahrhundert. Munich 1993, no. 36

Portugal Arraiolos Embroidery

Circa 1880s Portugal Arraiolos Embroidery

This embroidery in a fine petit point stitch on a canvas foundation was probably made in a workshop in Arraiolos, a small town in Portugal where embroidered rugs were produced for many centuries. The field design of animal combats and flowering stems on a green ground is based on the model of a classic 16th century Persian carpet. – Good condition.Size 135 x 230 cm 

Central Anatolia, Cappadocia,Yatak Rug

First half 19th century Central Anatolia, Cappadocia,Yatak Rug

This very old sleeping rug (yatak = bed) from a Cappadocian village presents light and transparent colours, a very coarse weave and a massive design of large forms drawn irregularly in a carefree style. Three polygons of different sizes with stepped outlines are arranged vertically in the light red field. The white border is filled with huge double hooks. – Slight signs of age and wear, original selvedges, the kilim ends survive.Size 140 x 186 cm 

South East Caucasus, Azerbaijan

Circa 1850s South East Caucasus, Azerbaijan Unusual Rug

Drawn with great precision, this carpet is a workshop product woven in the town of Khila situated west of Baku. Three large crosses placed on the central axis of the red field are accompanied by pairs of circular rosettes with striking outlines. Star-shaped blossoms cut in half by the lateral borders protrude into the field at the sides, and cloudbands as well as many small devices are distributed across the ground. The design of the blue main border, a vine decorated with birds and blossoms, is a reliable identifying feature of the provenance. – Very good condition, original finishes all around.Size 157 x 368 cm

Literature:
SCHÜRMANN, ULRICH, Caucasian Rugs. Ramsdell 1974, no. 65

 

South West Persia, Fars Khamseh Rug

Late 19th century,South West Persia, Fars Khamseh Rug

In this Khamseh, probably a weaving of the Baharlu/Ainalu tribal group, the large scale of the designs, the massive impact of the composition and the brilliant colours are striking features. A huge red hexagon enclosing a smaller hexagon surrounded by a chain of flowers lies at the centre of the shield-shaped field. Its midnight blue ground is filled with four large, two-dimensional, light blue blossoms, four serrated leaves, small rosettes and a number of animals. The white spandrels show a lattice-like design of green stems. In order to avoid problems with the corner solutions, the nomadic weaver used two different types of vines in the lateral and horizontal borders. – Good condition, original finishes all around.Size 125 x 185 cm

West Anatolia Ushak Rug

Circa 1800s Large West Anatolia Ushak Rug

A large white-ground Ushak workshop carpet produced for export. Popular in Europa and the USA ca. 1800, carpets of this kind are usually of coarse weave. Their simply drawn designs – here including a central medallion – are executed in characteristic pastel shades. – Perfect condition, good overally high pile on it. Size 19ft.5in. x 16ft.7in. (595 x 517 cm)

Middle of 19th Century North West Persia, Azerbaijan Bakhshaish Rug

Middle of 19th Century North West Persia, Azerbaijan Bakhshaish Rug

In this large and nearly square carpet from the Bakhshaish area, the stylised usual in the wide, yellow-ground border are a striking feature. The design of the field is a repeat of palmettes, rosettes, forked leaves and small tree forms, woven in pastel shades on a blue. Produced in small rural workshops, these carpets were popular in Europe and America as early as the 19th century on account of their decorative nature, and were probably woven specifically for foreign markets. – Good condition good pile; the original selvedges are preserved, no major repairs.Size 12ft.3in. x 9ft.8in. (376 x 300 cm)

South West Anatolia Milas Rug

Early 19th Century South West Anatolia Milas Rug

With its narrow field and wide, golden yellow border, this rare cypress Milas is a particularly successful example of its period in terms of artistic achievement. Stylistically it belongs to the baroque group and was made during the reign of Sultan Abdul Mejid, who was appreciative of art. A very beautiful palette; the classic border ornamentation follows the tradition of Transylvanian carpets. – The end finishes and the selvedges are original.Good high pile on it no restoration original condition.Size 100 x 160 cm

Central Asia West Turkestan Tekke Ensi

Second half 19th century Central Asia, West Turkestan Tekke Ensi

Turkmen ensis were pile-woven door hangings used in tents. This archaic example displaying a hatchlu cross, insi kush fork devices in the four segments of the field and a mihrab at the top is a typical weaving of the Tekke tribe.Good high pile on it few small old restorations original selvedges and ends.Size 118 x 165 cm Stock no: 425

South West Anatolia Prayer Milas Rug

19th Century South West Anatolia Prayer Milas Rug

During the 19th century, Milas prayer rugs were woven in large quantities and exported to every country in the Ottoman Empire, as proven by their regular appearance in orientalist paintings. In this example, the red field is shaped like a turret, with a diamond placed at the top. The very wide, yellow-ground main border is decorated with large floral motifs. The very beautiful star borders contains a large proportion of aubergine. – Good pile original ends and selvedges nice kilim ends.Size 110 x 140 cm

South West Caucasian Fachralo Prayer Rug

Middle of 19th Century South West Caucasian Fachralo Rug

A classic red-ground prayer rug of the Fachralo group. The green mihrab field contains a large cartouche. The clear colours and spaciously conceived design make this a beautiful collector’s item. Size 155 x 179 cm

Central Anatolian Mudjur Prayer Rug

19th Century Central Anatolia Mujur Prayer Rug

Niche design Mujur carpets were highly popular during the 19th century, selling to all the regions of the Islamic world. They are often very realistically portrayed in genre paintings by Western orientalist painters depicting scenes from North African bazaars. Early examples such as this red-ground Mujur display a widely conceived mihrab form and stand out due to their balanced compositions and rich range of brilliant colours. The field and border motifs were rigidly fixed by tradition, but there was a certain latitude in the design of the field. This piece shows a striking tree motif which dominates the centre of the field; linked to its tip by fine lines, it is effectively suspended from it.Very good overall condition and strong unfaded colours,Good high pile on it.Size 135 x 180 cm 

Literature:
CONCARO, EDOARDO & LEVI, ALBERTO, Sovrani Tappeti. Il tappeto orientale dal XV al XIX seculo. Milan 1999, no. 36
THOMPSON, JON, Carpet Magic. The art of carpets from the tents, cottages and workshops of Asia. London 1983, pl. p. 4 *** TKF-WIEN (publ.), Antike anatolische Teppiche aus österreichischem Besitz. Vienna 1983, no. 49 *** BUTTERWECK, GEORG & ORASCH, DIETER

West Anatolia Transylvanian Double Niche Rug

West Anatolia, 17th century Transylvanian Double Niche Rug
Standing in a direct line of descent from the 'small-medallion' or 'double-niche' Ushak rugs of the 16th century, these double-niche 'Transylvanian' rugs were woven during the 17th century in western Anatolia for the European export market. They are not especially rare, but few if any can match this superb cartouche-bordered rug, in near perfect condition, which was bought at Rippon Boswell in 1997 (HALI 94, p. 132), having previously been offered at Sotheby's in New York in 1992.
Only double-niche rugs of this designs' symmetrical on the vertical axis and with the characteristic cartouche border and four rosettes at the corners of the field“ were (together with the related prayer rugs) granted the 'Transylvanian' label in Emil Schmutzler's 1933 classification of the rugs that survived in the churches of the region (Emil Schmutzler, Altorientalische Teppiche in Siebenbürgen, 1933).
More recently, Stefano Ionescu (Antique Ottoman Rugs in Transylvania, 2005), has divided the rugs found in Romanian churches and museums into four different design groups, the numerically largest being those with variations on the double-niche design.
Conventional wisdom has it that rugs such as this 'second phase' example, with the cartouche-only border, post-date those with the more elaborate eight-pointed star and cartouche variant. Irrespective of whether it was made in the first or second half of the century, one rarely sees a Transylvanian rug in such pristine condition at auction.
The texture of the pile and its fresh bright colours remain almost as they were when it came off the loom. Even the edges are intact. Such a rug, which has been kept away from light and wear for more than three centuries, is a rare document showing us how it looked when it was woven.Condition: very good according to age, corroded brown, both ends slightly incomplete, original selvedge but slightly damaged at right side, minor small repairs, very good pile
Warp: wool, weft: wool, pile: wool

Size 158 x 120 cm (5' 2" x 3' 11")

South West Caucasian Karachov Kazak

Middle of 19th Century South West Caucasian Karachov Kazak

In this red-ground Karachov Kazak, a large green shield form decorated with five, alternately yellow and white boxes fills the entire length of the field, flanked by pairs of triangles along the sides. The border displays the kochak hook designs that are typical of the provenance on a heavily corroded brown ground. – Signs of age and wear,good pile,the original selvedges and ends.Size 158 x 208 cm

Literature:
HERRMANN, EBERHART, Asiatische Teppich- und Textilkunst 4. Munich 1992, no. 39 *** RIPPON BOSWELL, A 27, 7th May 1988, lot 57 *** BAUSBACK, PETER, Alte und antike orientalische Knüpfkunst. Mannheim 1981, pl. p. 27

North West Anatolia Marmara region Çanakkale Niche Kilim

Early 18th Century North West Anatolia Marmara region Çanakkale Niche Kilim

Kilims showing double niche designs were woven in many Anatolian regions, but there are significant differences in terms of style, palette and the use of individual designs specific to particular locations. This two-panel Canakkale kilim displays six plain green-, red- or aubergine-ground panels containing double niches. Their arches are decorated with parmakli designs extending far into the white-ground sections at the sides. Two facing fork shapes attached to thin long poles – stylised oil lamps – are the only motifs seen in the niches. The six panels are separated by sets of three horizontal stripes. The fork shapes of the inner stripes may represent abstract birds. – Always cautious when determining age, Hirsch assumes a mid 18th century date. Judging from the quality of the drawing and colours, we believe that the kilim could have been made ca. 1700s or earlier. A fragmented kilim of the same group was exhibited in Basel in 1997. Two examples published by Cootner and Wolff-Diepenbrock belong to the same group. – Obvious signs of age and wear, missing sections; the side finishes have largely been lost. Mounted onto canvas.Size 145 x 440 cm

Literature:
RAGETH, JÜRG (Hrsg.), Anatolian Kilims & Radiocarbon Dating. A New Approach to Dating Anatolian Kilims. (Ausstell. Kantonsmuseum Baselland, Liestal) Riehen 1999, Tf. 19 *** COOTNER, CATHRYN & MUSE, GARRY, Anatolian Kilims. The Caroline & H. McCoy Jones Collection. San Francisco-London 1990, Tf. 15 *** WOLFF-DIEPENBROCK, JOHANNES (Hrsg.), Eine Sammlung. Textilien aus Anatolien, dem Kaukasus, Persien, Mittelasien, Zentral- und Ostafrika. Köln 2009, Tf. S. 77

Published:
VOK, IGNAZIO, Vok Collection. Anatolia. Kilims und andere Flachgewebe aus Anatolien. (Text: Udo Hirsch) München 1997, Nr. 24

 

Central Asia, West Turkestan The Tekke Khalyk

Second half of 19th century Central Asia, West Turkestan The Tekke Khalyk

Known as khalyks, most of the surviving small-format knotted trappings of this kind were woven by the Tekke tribe. Almost all them are red in ground colour. Common features shared by all khalyks are their U-shape including vertical arms, a lower triangular flap and a fringe, originally present in every example. They differ widely in terms of ornamentation. – During the wedding procession, a khalyk was attached to the small door of the veiled bridal litter and apparently not used once the ceremony was over, but preserved by the family as a textile treasure. The number of surviving khalyks is low; some 70 examples are known. The rarity and beauty of khalyks as well as their appreciation as cult objects of highly symbolic significance among the Turkmen, have made these miniature rugs coveted collector’s pieces. – It is one of the rare with thisa design examples this khalyk appears like a miniature version of a kapunuk.Very well preserved, original sides all around; the fringe is almost complete.Size 70 x 70 cm

South West Caucasian Fachrola Kazak

Middle of 19th Century South West Caucasian Fachrola Kazak

This green-ground Fachralo has two red medallions placed along the central axis and four octagons arranged around them, framed by a wide border. The square format is an unusual feature. Original red kilim ends and selvedges, good overall condition high pile on it.Size 105 x 134 cm

Literature:
AMPE, PATRICK & RIE, Textile Art. A personal choice. Antwerp 1994, no. 42 *** TSCHEBULL, RAOUL, Kazak. Carpets of the Caucasus. New York 1971, pl. 9

South West Caucasian Rug

Middle of 19th Century South West Caucasian Rug

The date on this extraordinary long carpet is not clearly legible. Its independent design and the good colours,unusual blue ground with this design however, suggest an early origin. Even pile with original edges and ends.Good pile on it.Size 115 x 285 cm

North West Anatolia Feshane Quran Bag Design Silk Rug

Late 19th Century North West Anatolia Feshane Quran Bag Design Silk Rug 

Hereke workshops, which later specialised in the production of ultra-fine silk rugs, initially wove a great variety of designs and formats. This rare piece emulates a Feshane carpet with three eight-pointed star medallions. Like those of Tabriz and other Persian towns, the workshops of Hereke would only have seen illustrations of their historic models. Large-format, printed graphic reproductions only became available after publication of the "Vienna Work", which accompanied the Great Vienna Exhibition, i.e. not before the last decade of the 19th century. – Signs of age and wear, somewhat damaged sides and ends.Size 125 x 185 cm Silk on Silk.

Central Asia South West Uzbekistan Bokhara Suzani

Mid 19th century Central Asia, South West Uzbekistan Bokhara Suzani

A Bokhara suzani in the nim format. The field displays a repeat of delicate golden stems bearing red side-view flowers, slender green leaves and several botehs. As is often the case in small-format suzani, the border consists of just one panel; in this item, it contains three different types of large blossom in top view or side view, surrounded by a lively undulating vine. Small circular and star-shaped blossoms as well as several irises have been incorporated into the design of the border. – Good condition, the back is a Russian cotton. Size 104 x 160 cm 

 

South West Caucasian Lambalo Kazak

19th Century South West Caucasian Lambalo Kazak

A classic specimen from the Lambalo region, with an extremely large border frame enclosing a diamond patterned central field.The characteristic border design, consisting of four panels of equal width, and the vine design including octagonal flowers that appear like balls identify this rug as a Lambalo Kazak. The red field is dominated by a hexagon with a hooked outline that encloses a cross motif. The same design is frequently seen in Fachralo Kazaks. – Original finishes all around good high pile.Size 155 x 225 cm 

East Caucasian Large Shirvan Rug

19th Century East Caucasian Large Shirvan Rug

This unusual large size Shirvan Five large hexagons with wide outlines of dice are aligned vertically along the central axis of the midnight blue field, ending in a red flame palmette at each end. A wealth of small designs, including amulets  densely covers the ground in the free spaces not covered by the primary design. The white main border presents the leaf and calyx design that is typical of the provenance. – Good high pile, the original finishes survive all around.Size 200 x 355 cm 

South East Caucasian Talish Rug

Second half 19th century South East Caucasian Talish Rug

A first-rate carpet with a deep blue met hane field, separated from the border by a golden yellow, reciprocal trefoil band of exemplary drawing. Previously published by Eder, this weaving is notable as the talish rosettes seen in the border are interspersed with six squares, and as many as nine squares at the top, whereas only four squares occur in other pieces. Very good condition, minimally reduced ends.Size 103 x 237 cm 3ft. 5in.7ft. 9in.

Literature:
EILAND, MURRAY L., Oriental Rugs from Pacific Collections. San Francisco 1990, no. 214 b *** DODDS, DENNIS & EILAND, MURRAY L., JR. (eds.), Oriental Rugs from Atlantic Collections. Philadelphia 1996, no. 77

South Caucasus, Karabagh region Adler Rug

Second Half 19th Century South Caucasus, Karabagh region Adler Rug

Three powerful sunburst medallions, separated along the centre by a narrow serrated horizontal band, almost completely fill the light red field. Coarsely woven and with wefts alternating between red and brown, this „Eagle Kazak“ was made in the Karabagh region. It formerly belonged to the Collection. The original selvedges,slightly reduced ends. It's in perfect overall condition good high pile on it.Size 150 x 210 cm

Ottoman Kilim

18th Century West Anatolia, Manisa province Ottoman Kilim

This wonderful kilim was first published by Yanni Petsopoulos in "Kilims, 1979". It belongs to a small group of weavings that form a bridge between the Ottoman court tent kilim and nomadic and village flatweaves. They are more colourful than the Ottoman kilims but use their motifs. Unlike the nomadic pieces they are woven in one piece.
The group can be divided into two subgroups. One has a field surrounded by borders and is usually wider; the other, like our example, is organised in bands and is narrower. Both are woven in wool on wool and are not especially fine, but the first group is looser than the second. Following the six examples published in Kilims, another piece appeared in Werner Brüggemann, "Yayla, 1993", plate 33.
The motifs of the blue and red strips are shown as outer-end borders in a piece at the Vakiflar museum in Istanbul (Belkis Balpinar/Udo Hirsch, Flatweaves, 1982, plate 120). In this kilim the main border shows the same pattern as the dividing strips in our piece.
Petsopoulos notes that this piece is probably the oldest of the second group. The flowers of the blue and red strips travel upwards, except the uppermost one, and are all connected by the centre stem. It has been suggested that therefore the kilim should be viewed horizontally and might have used as a tent divider or hanging in a house.
A comparable example was in the Vok collection (Ignazio Vok, Anatolia, 1997, No. 1), and is less colourful but with a wider range of motifs in the strips. As in our piece it showed the peculiar 'dot' filling of the background, which gives the design a certain three-dimensional quality.
A prayer kilim in the Berlin Museum (Friedrich Spuhler, Die Orientteppiche im Museum für islamische Kunst Berlin, 1991, p. 290) shows the same ‘dot’ feature and more clearly defined tulip and carnation motifs. The outer minor border is the same as the 'odd one out' strip at the bottom of our kilim.
The designs of these kilim group go back to the Ottoman court kilim. They can also in part be found in Kula and Gördes rugs; this, as well as the colour range, makes an attribution to western Anatolia likely. Our piece here has light blue warps, a feature that can be found in some of the pile weavings as well.
A faint reminiscence of the carnation and tulip strip design can be found in a later kilim published in Ulrich Türck/Dietmar Pelz, "Anatolische Kelim in Schloß Lembeck, 1995", Pl. 12.

Rather coarse in weave, soft in texture and executed in attractive pastel shades, this kilim is the product of a specialised West Anatolian workshop, possibly Kula or Selendi. Both towns were important textile centres during the Ottoman period. The design of wide bands, alternately decorated with floral or geometric motifs in the Ottoman court style, is a characteristic feature of this distinctive group. The directional tree design seen in some of the bands suggests that the kilims served as wall hangings, i.e. tapestries, and were suspended horizontally. They may have been used in the magnificent tents which accommodated Ottoman pashas during their frequent military campaigns. Both shorter and wider than comparative pieces, the Vok example was exhibited in Dublin as early as 1979. – Minimal signs of age and wear, good condition.Size 292 x 152 cm (9' 7" x 5')

South East Caucasus, Moghan region Shahsavan Horse Cover

Late 19th Century South East Caucasus, Moghan region Shahsavan Horse Cover

Woven in a single piece, this horse cover shows six wide horizontal bands separated by narrow borders in the lower section. Three bands depict animals moving from right to left – peacocks in the two blue bands and quadrupeds in the central red band. The three other bands contain typical Shahsavan border designs. The upper part, with the tabs which were placed around the horse’s neck, is far more open in design: two blue compartments separated by a design section of red and green serrated bands each contain a further six animals. The same serrated design, this time in blue and red, adorns the tabs. – Very well preserved.Size 118 x 167 cm

South Caucasian Azerbaijan Sumac

Second Half 19th Century South Caucasian, Azerbaijan Sumac

Our attribution of this sumakh bag face is guided by Wertime who published an almost identical example. A further bag of this rare group is encountered in Frauenknecht's book, "Schahsavan Sumakh Taschen". Since various nomad tribes inhabited the Karabagh region during the 19th century, it is impossible to ascertain the precise group who made these bags. – Well preserved, the kilim back stitched to the reverse belongs to a different bag.Size 60 x 60 cm

Literature:
WERTIME, JOHN T., Sumak Bags of Northwest Persia & Transcaucasia. London 1998, no. 126 *** FRAUENKNECHT, BERTRAM, Schahsavan Sumakh Taschen. Fürth 1993, ill. 49

South West Caucasian Sevan Kazak

Mid 19th Century South West Caucasian Sevan Kazak

 An early Sevan Kazak woven in light, transparent colours. The huge two-dimensional shield medallion fills the field almost completely. The dot design of the medallion and the stylised trees outside the medallion are typical features of this sub-group. – Slight signs of wear in the pile of the upper section of the field, otherwise in good condition, including the original selvedges.Size 172 x 232 cm

Literature:
THOMPSON, JON, Carpet Magic. The art of carpets from the tents, cottages and workshops of Asia. London 1983, pl. p. 115 *** KIRCHHEIM, E. HEINRICH, Orient Stars. Eine Teppichsammlung. Stuttgart & London 1993, no. 14

Central Asia Karadashli Main Carpet

First half 19th century Central Asia, West Turkestan Karadashli Main Carpet

The 33 large chuval güls of the red-brown field are spaciously arranged in rows of three and interspersed with delicately drawn chemche secondary güls. The white main border shows different designs in the vertical and horizontal bands – in the vertical direction, a Turkmen wavy vine undulates around curled leaves to which it is not attached, while ashik güls alternate with calyx-like shapes in the horizontal direction. Both secondary borders are embellished with small polygons. The fact that the outer secondary border continues beyond the border section, framing the sides of the two wide elems decorated with graceful trees, is a striking feature. – Signs of age and wear, low pile, minor restored areas very few.Size 175 x 303 cm

Literature:
RAGETH, JÜRG, Turkmenische Teppiche. Basel 2016, vol. 1, no. 87

 

Caucasian Moghan Rug

Caucasian Moghan Rug

19th Century 
130 × 236 cm


Middle of 19th Century South East Caucasian Moghan Rug.The striking, hooked stepped polygon filling each of the 24 compartments in the two-row composition of this Moghan is known as a Memling gül. It owes its name to a small-format rug depicted as a tablecloth by Hans Memling in a painting dated circa 1485 (now in the Thyssen Museum, Madrid), and is considered one of the oldest rug designs. The Memling gül appears to have made its way from Anatolia to the Caucasus, where it became wide-spread and is found in carpets from various provenances, although it is particularly frequent in the Moghan region. – The captivating effect of this Moghan derives from its splendid colours. The weaver has dreamed up ever new colour combinations for the güls, their outlines, the stars they enclose and the ground colours of the octagons in which the güls are placed: each of the 24 compartments is different. The stepped polygon design of the main border is a rare feature. – Very good condition.Size 130 x 236 cm

Caucasian Moghan Mafrash

Caucasian Moghan Mafrash

19th Century

Size 40 x 112 cm

Second half 19th century South East Caucasus, Moghan region Called "mafrash", these large flatweaves with four sides and a kilim base were used by the Shahsavan nomads like containers for storing utensils, and they also served as cargo bags during the annual migrations to the summer pastures. Old photographs show camels carrying tall loads of mafrash containers. Mafrash lacking upper closure flaps, like this finely woven example in the sumakh technique, are usually attributed to the Moghan Shahsavan. The design of horizontal stripes, with a deep blue central band containing large hooked diamonds and two narrower white bands, has been conceived to continue along all four panels. – Very well preserved.Size 40 x 112 cm Literature: TANAVOLI, parviz, Shahsavan. Flachgewebe aus dem Iran. Herford 1985, no. 46 *** azadi, siawosch & andrews, peter, Mafrash. Gewebte Transporttaschen als textile Bilder des Orients-Arbeiten der Schahsavan und anderer Stämme Persiens. Berlin-Munich 1985, ill. p. 109

South West Caucasia Sevan Kazak

South West Caucasian Sevan Kazak

This Second half 19th century red-ground Sevan Kazak displays a huge “winged shield” medallion, its interior covered in small dots. The red cartouche at the centre encloses a smaller white cartouche. The wide white outline is adorned with stars, while large palmettes on a white ground constitute the design of the main border. An almost identical example was exhibited in London in 1983.Perfect condition very good high pile.Size 185 x 235 cm

Caucasian Talish Rug

 South East Caucasus, Moghan region Talish Rug 

Second half 19th Century South East Caucasus, Moghan region Talish Rug A rare Moghan woven in a long rug format. The white met hane field is surrounded by green trefoils which combine into reciprocal shapes against the ground. The red border contains large star-shaped flowers with four diagonal arms bearing buds. – Perfect condition,Very good high pile,untouched.Size 95 × 310 cm Stock No 1442

Literature:
BAUSBACK, PETER, Alte und antike orientalische Knüpfkunst. Mannheim 1983, pl. p. 55

 

 
Central Asia West Turkestan Tekke Main Carpet

First Half 19th Century Central Asia, West Turkestan Tekke Main Carpet

A large main carpet by the Tekke tribe with 4 x 11 primary güls, chemche secondary motifs, a densely patterned border and pile-woven elems of tree forms aligned in a row. The fairly coarse weave, heavy and flexible handle, velvety pile wool and rich luminous colours indicate that this main carpet was probably woven in the first half of the 19th century.Several old repiled sections, signs of age and wear but good pile on it.Size 205 x 310 cm Stock No 1068

Literature:SCHÜRMANN, ULRICH, Zentral-Asiatische Teppiche. Frankfurt a.M. 1969, no. 1 *** HAMBURGISCHES MUSEUM FÜR VÖLKERKUNDE (publ.), Wie Blumen in der Wüste. Die Kultur der turkmenischen Nomadenstämme Zentralasiens. Hamburg 1993, no. 20

Ottoman Embroidery

Ottoman Embroidery

17th Century 
112 × 123 cm
Stock No

Mongolian Kilim

Chinese Mongolian Kilim

19th Century 
155 × 225 cm
Stock No

Konya Karapınar Rug

Konya Karapınar Rug
19th century 
101 × 155 cm

Stock No 612

Qashqai Bag

Persian Qashqai Bag
19th century 
44× 53 cm

Stock No 1242

Ushak Fragment

Ushak Border Fragment
16th century 
58 × 110 cm

Stock No 409

Yamud Chuval

Turkmen Yamud Chuval

18th Century 
63 × 104 cm
Stock No

Turkish Silk Rug

Turkey İstanbul Silk Rug

19th Century 
123× 190 cm
Stock No

Prayer Ghiordes Rug

Anatolian Ghiordes Rug

19th Century 
145 × 220 cm
Stock No:

Chine Pao Tao Rug

Nord East Suiyuan Province Chine Pao Tao Rug

19th Century 
135 × 200 cm
Stock No

 

Ottoman Velvet

Ottoman Silk Velvet

17th Century 
150 × 185 cm
Stock No